• Topic 5: An Alternative Method for Integrating Powers of Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Secant

The methods in Table 1 and 2 can sometimes be applied if m=zero or n=zero to integrate positive integer powers of Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Secant without reduction formula.

For example, instead of using the reduction formula to integrate , we can apply the second procedure in Table 1.